Breastfeeding Residency Curriculum: Faculty Implementation Guide

Breastfeeding is best for the health of infants and mothers. As more mothers are choosing to breastfeed, more physicians need to have the skills to support them. Being able to successfully handle any issue related to breastfeeding leads to a stronger doctor-patient bond, and better outcomes. And when more moms get the help they need, the more we reduce health disparities from babies right from the start. The American Academy of Pediatrics developed this Breastfeeding Residency Curriculum to help all residents develop confidence and skills in breastfeeding care.

This information will help you incorporate breastfeeding education into existing curriculum. It can be applied to Pediatric, Family Medicine, Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Obstetric / Gynecologic Residency Programs.

The Breastfeeding Curriculum

Select a curriculum topic below to see a quick overview or get started.


Guide to Curriculum

The curriculum has been organized based on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Core Competencies. Whether you implement 1 activity or 20, you are helping residents to develop confidence and skills to help breastfeeding infants and mothers.

Each curriculum topic has the following structure:

Essential Activities

The Essential Activities are what you should strive to complete with every resident.

Additional Activities

The Additional Activities are provided to give more options if time allows. It is strongly encouraged that you evaluate residents on these activities.


Evaluation will help residents know how they are doing and will help you keep track of their progress. The evaluation tools are effective in evaluating residents as well as the breastfeeding residency curriculum as a whole.

Quick Tips


Helping You Plan Ahead

This implementation checklist outlines all resources and materials your program will need to successfully implement the full curriculum. 

Download Checklist

Helpful Tools

The following tools are here to help you along the way.

Data Collection Guide

Data Collection Tool: This guide will help you to collect breastfeeding data at your hospital at discharge and at 6 months.

Resident Care Evaluation: ACGME Core Competencies

Evaluation Tool: This form can be used to measure the residents' proficiency in providing breastfeeding care according to the ACGME Core Competencies.

Objective Structured Clinical Examination Case Study

Teaching Tool: This case study can be used to evaluate the resident's ability to communicate with a mother during a visit. It encompasses many of the skills that will have been learned throughout the curriculum and would be useful as a live cumulative exam.*

Prepared Presentations

Teaching Tool: A multidisciplinary group of physicians at the University of New Mexico have prepared presentations about breastfeeding for you to use when lecturing. These presentations include basic breastfeeding assessment, management of common breastfeeding problems, and management of common breastfeeding situations.

Tell us about your program's current breastfeeding education.

Take Survey